International Standards

Global

Universal Declaration of Human Rights
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
Convention on the Political Rights of Women
General Comment 25 of the United Nations Human Rights Committee on Article 25 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Declaration of Principles for International Election Observation and Code of Conduct for International Election Observers
Declaration of Global Principles for Non-Partisan Election Observation and Monitoring by Citizen Organizations and Code of Conduct for Non-Partisan Citizen Election Observers and Monitors

Africa

African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights
African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance (2007)
African Union (Organization of African Unity) Declaration on the Principles Governing Democratic Elections in Africa (2002)

West Africa

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Protocol on Democracy and Good Governance Supplementary to the Protocol Relating to the Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management, Resolution, Peacekeeping and Security (2001)

Southern Africa

Southern African Development Community (SADC) Principles and Guidelines Governing Democratic Elections (2004)
Norms and Standards for Elections in the SADC Region adopted by the Southern Africa Development Community Parliamentary Forum (2001)

The Americas

Inter-American Democratic Charter

United States of America

American Convention on Human Rights
American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man

Asia

Vision of a Blueprint for ASEAN Democracy Free and Fair Elections – Cha-am, Thailand 25-26 February 2009

Commonwealth Countries

Declaration of Commonwealth Principles (1971) of the Commonwealth of Nations
The Harare Commonwealth Declaration (1991) of the Commonwealth of Nations
Millbrook Commonwealth Action Programme on the Harare Declaration (1995) of the Commonwealth of Nations
Edinburgh Communique (1997) of the Commonwealth of Nations
Convention on the Standards of Democratic Elections, Equal Rights and Freedoms of the Member States of the Commonwealth of Independent States (2002)

Europe

European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
Protocol (No. 1) to the [European] Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
Protocol (No. 4) to the [European] Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
European Charter of Local Self-Government
European Commission on Democracy through Law (Venice Commission) Code of Good Practice in Electoral Matters (2002)
Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (2000)
Declaration on Criteria for Free and Fair Elections of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (1994)
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Charter of Paris for a New Europe (1990)
The Zagreb Commitments to a Common Approach to Domestic Election Observation in the OSCE Region – Zagreb, Croatia 29 June 2003
Conference Declaration of the European Domestic Observer Forum – Zagreb, Croatia 23 June 2003
Document of the Copenhagen Meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension of the CSCE

Middle East

Arab Charter on Human Rights
Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam, Nineteenth Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (1990)